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¿Son efectivos los antiinflamatorios no esteroides en el tratamiento del dolor muscular tardío?

Ramón Candia-Luján, José Antonio de Paz-Fernández


Los antiinflamatorios no esteroides (AINEs) son uno de los grupos farmacológicos más conocidos y utilizados en la medicina moderna. En el contexto del ejercicio físico son usados por su acción antiinflamatoria y analgésica. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la efectividad de los antiinflamatorios no esteroides en el tratamiento del dolor muscular tardío (DMT), para lo cual se llevó a cabo una revisión durante los meses de octubre a diciembre de 2013 en las bases de datos electrónicas Pubmed, Scopus y SportDiscus, mediante una estrategia de búsqueda de artículos que incluyeran las siguientes palabras clave: antiinflammatory non steroid drugs, NSAIDs, delayed onset muscle soreness y DOMS. Se identificaron 31 estudios, de los cuales 30 eran investigaciones originales y un meta-análisis. Se recuperaron 26 artículos a texto completo y cinco únicamente el resumen. Después de analizar los trabajos se concluye, que si bien los AINEs muestran cierta efectividad real para aliviar el DMT, existe gran diversidad en la dosis, el tiempo de administración utilizado y las características generales de los sujetos en los estudios, por lo que se requieren más investigaciones para establecer su efectividad real.

Palabras clave

Aspirina; ibuprofeno; naproxeno; prostaglandinas; acciones excéntricas.

Texto completo:

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